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https://export-help.business.gov.au

Biotech in Brazil

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

There are 2 main governing bodies, that regulate biotechnology: 

  1. The National Biosafety Council (CNBS, in Portuguese) evaluates socio-economic implications and national interests of approval of commercial use of biotech products
  2. The National Technical Commission of Biosafety (CTNBio, in Portuguese) covers scientific and technical knowledge from 4 areas - animal, plant, environment, and health

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Cyber security in Brazil

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws

The International Comparative Legal Guides offer information about cybersecurity laws and regulations in Brazil.

The law review offers information about Brazil's data protection and cybersecurity law review.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Digital health in Brazil

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The requirements for applications that connect patients to home care services are approved by Federal Medicine Council (Conselho Federal de Medicina).

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Education services in Brazil

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws, regulations and standards

There is legislation, regulations and standards for Australian education providers.

Australian Education and Training (all sectors)

The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) is the national policy for regulated qualifications in Australian education and training.

It incorporates the qualifications from each education and training sector into a comprehensive national framework. The AQF was introduced in 1995 to underpin the national system of qualifications in Australia, which includes:

The Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000 (ESOS Act) forms the legal framework for the quality assurance of education and training institutions offering courses to international students (students studying in Australia on student visas).

The Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS) providers must submit certain information about overseas students to the Australian Government.

Tertiary Education / Higher Education

The Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) is an Australian government agency. It regulates and assures the quality of Australia’s higher education sector. The Higher Education Standards Framework is TEQSA’s definitive set of requirements.

Vocational Education

The Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA) is the national regulator for Australia's VET sector.

The VET Quality Framework is aimed at achieving greater national consistency in:

Edtech

Australian edtech companies can sell directly to customers in the market or use third party distributors. To enter into the market, many edtech companies have also partnered with:

More information is available about exporting to Brazil.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You will need a visa to visit Brazil. However, from 17 June 2019, Australian passport holders visiting Brazil will be exempt from a visit visa for stays up to 90 days. Visa applications can be made through the VFS Global official e-visa channel. For up-to-date information, consult with the Embassy of Brazil in Canberra.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

You might need to have your qualifications validated to use them in Brazil. More information is available about the validation of foreign diplomas in Brazil.

Financial Services in Brazil

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Information is available about:

The Brazilian financial sector regulatory structure has 4 regulators:

Government bonds are not included in the legal definition of securities (article 2 of the Securities Law – No. 6.385/76). Therefore, the Central Bank is responsible for regulation of the government debt market, including supervision of sales practices, business conduct and investor protection. 

The Brazilian financial sector regulatory structure has more information.

Unless there has been an exemption, a public offer of securities in Brazil requires registration of:

This includes offers made from outside Brazil, to the Brazilian public, including through the internet (CVM Opinions Nos. 32 and 33, 30 September 2005). 

Foreign securities such as shares of investment funds or derivative products traded on foreign stock exchanges cannot be registered in Brazil, so they cannot be offered from outside Brazil to the Brazilian public. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Fintech in Brazil

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

To operate in Brazil, non-Brazilian entities must either:

Non-Brazilian fintech organisations who want to operate as financial institutions must get special authorisation from the President of Brazil. Seek legal advice about this process.

Non-Brazilian fintech organisations can provide services from outside Brazil to clients based in Brazil, except for a public offer of securities.

More information is available about Fintech in Brazil.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Gaming and screen production in Brazil

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

An overview of Gaming in Brazil is available.

Screen Production

The Brazilian Film Agency ANCINE, is a financially and administratively independent government agency. It is supervised by the Brazilian Ministry of Culture, and contributes to the regulation, promotion and monitoring of the audiovisual industry in Brazil. 

Regulations cover:

Co-producing with Brazil: 

Gaming in Brazil

There are no specific regulations on social gaming in Brazil. Therefore, provided that the game is deemed legal, there are no licensing requirements.

Gambling games

There restrictions on gambling in Brazil. As such, the legality of bingo, casinos and similar games on social networks—whether paid or free of charge—is questionable. 

Credits and virtual money

For other types of games that do not qualify as gambling (where luck is not the prevailing factor in the outcome of the game) the use of game credits or virtual money is not prohibited by Brazilian legislation. Users can use money to acquire game credits and exchange them for prizes. 

Certain contests that are not deemed to be "cultural contests" are subject to a prior licensing procedure before the Federal Savings Bank. 

Cash prizes

Cash prizes are forbidden in Brazil, as well as the conversion of other prizes into cash, regardless of whether the contest is of cultural nature or not. There are some promotions that offer prizes in cash in a manner that the winner cannot actually withdraw the money and deposit it in another account. In these cases, the winner receives a pre-paid card that can be used to buy products and services from a certain supplier. 

Data storage

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Education services in Canada

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You will need an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to visit Canada. For up-to-date information, consult with the High Commission of Canada in Australia.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Education services in Chile

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Chile without a visa for up to 90 days.

If you enter Chile via the Santiago International Airport (Arturo Merino Benitez), there is an administration fee of USD117 for Australian passport holders. This is payable in cash or credit card at the cashier before going through passport control. For up-to-date information, consult with the Embassy of Chile in Canberra.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Aged care in China

Be ready to do business in China

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Setting up in China

Finding a partner is often key in the aged care market in China.

International aged care service providers who want to operate in China generally need to go through three steps to set up their business. You will often need to complete these at the city level of government and administration.

  1. Apply for a Certificate of Approval of Enterprises with Foreign Investment in China through commerce authorities of Chinese municipal or provincial governments. For example, visit the Beijing Municipal Commerce Bureau (information in simplified Chinese)
  2. Apply for a business licence at the Industry and Commerce Administrations of Chinese municipal governments
  3. Register as a 'not-for-profit' or 'for-profit' aged service business. You will need to register through the system operated by civil affairs authorities of relevant municipal governments. For example, the Shanghai Civil Affairs Bureau.

Chinese civil affairs and health authorities of municipal governments manage aged care services matters. For example, the Guangzhou Health Bureau (information in simplified Chinese). These matters may include standards, assessment and reviews, qualities and payment. It's important to confirm your specific requirements in your city of operation.

Austrade can refer you to legal and accounting firms who help firms who want to set up in China.

Tax and getting paid

Tax

Preferential tax policies exist in China for the aged care sector. Regional approaches are often taken. For example, more information is available at the Guangzhou Tax Bureau of China website (information in simplified Chinese). 

Tax requirements for Australian services companies operating in China can be complex. Austrade offers a referral service, providing details of China-based companies that can give you tailored tax and compliance information.

China’s State Taxation Administration also has detailed tax information.

It’s important you get legal and accounting advice from qualified service providers on your specific situation.

Worldwide tax summaries are available from PwC.

Information about tax in China is available from Austrade.

Getting paid

Information about getting paid for goods and services you export is available from Austrade.

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Aged care is highly regulated in China. Arrangements can vary by city or province. This means companies should take a regional approach.

For example, under Guangdong’s policies and regulation for aged care (information in simplified Chinese), key agencies managing related services are:

In this example, civil affairs (information in simplified Chinese) manages home and residential aged care services. Civil affairs and health authorities manage residential aged care services, if integrated aged care and medical services are provided.

Both civil affairs and social security authorities manage aged care workforce skill development.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data. These are evolving rapidly and it's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Austrade has information about visas for visiting China.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

The Chinese government can recognize and verify Australian qualifications at diploma and bachelor degree levels.

More information is available at the Chinese Service Center for Scholarly Exchange (CSCSE) website (information in simplified Chinese).

Agtech in China

Tax and getting paid

Tax

There are tax deduction and exemption policies for:

Tax requirements for Australian services companies operating in China can be complex. Austrade offers a referral service which provides details of China-based companies that can give you tailored tax and compliance information.

China’s State Taxation Administration also has detailed tax information.

It’s important you get legal and accounting advice from qualified service providers on your specific situation.

Worldwide tax summaries are available from PwC.

Information about tax in China is available from Austrade.

Getting paid

Information about getting paid for goods and services you export is available from Austrade.

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

There are regulations and standards for many agricultural products. However, this isn't always the case for services.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs website has information about current regulations.

Peak industry associations drive standards establishment. For example, the China Animal Agriculture Association.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data. These are evolving rapidly and it's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Austrade has information about visas for visiting China.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Australian agtech service qualifications generally aren't recognized in China.

Products in each sub-sector must comply with specific requirements listed on the Ministry of Agriculture website.

Architecture in China

Be ready to do business in China

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Setting up in China

To set-up a company in China to deliver services, you need to register your company. Often this requires you to:

Austrade can refer you to legal and accounting firms who help firms who want to set-up in China.

Many foreign architectural firms set up a wholly owned foreign enterprise as an architectural design consultancy. This can result in less licensing requirements. It also:

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Rural Development website has information (in simplified Chinese) about design firm qualification regulations.

Registration requirements example

A Design Firm Class A license requires a track record of completed projects. It needs at least five first class and special class projects. For example, a stadium with:

It needs a firm to have a team structure of:

Often they will need experience meeting Chinese standards.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data. These are evolving rapidly and it's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Austrade has information about visas for visiting China.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

The Architects Accreditation Council of Australia doesn’t currently have a mutual recognition agreement in place with China.

Information is available about registering foreign qualifications in China on the Ministry of Housing, Urban and Rural Development website (in simplified Chinese).

Biotech in China

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Regulations include (but aren’t limited to):

The National Medical Products Administration and National Health Commission co-administer regulations and standards that apply to clinical trials (information in simplified Chinese).  

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data. These are evolving rapidly and it's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Design in China

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Rural Development website has information (in simplified Chinese) about design firm qualification regulations.

Registration requirements example

A Design Firm Class A license requires a track record of completed projects. It needs at least five first class and special class projects. For example, a stadium with:

It needs a firm to have a team structure of:

Often they will need experience meeting Chinese standards.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data. These are evolving rapidly. It's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Digital health in China

Loans, grants and financial support

The Export Finance and Insurance Corporation (Efic) is Australia’s export credit agency. Australian exporters can find help with export loans, guarantees, bonds and insurance products.

Who can help you

Help near you

Your state or territory has organisations that can help you with export assistance and funding.

Reimbursement for sales and marketing trips 

The Export Market Development Grants (EMDG) offers partial reimbursement for any sales or marketing trips outside Australia. Eligible businesses can apply for reimbursement for money you spent on promotional activities outside Australia. More information is available about eligibility and how to apply for reimbursement.

Help with research

There is support available to help you achieve your international strategies.

Startups and scaleups

The Landing Pads program offers market-ready startups and scaleups the opportunity to work out of innovation hubs in San Francisco, Tel Aviv, Shanghai, Berlin and Singapore.

To be eligible, you’ll need to be a startup or scaleup with the potential for rapid growth. More information about the Landing Pads program is available.

Austrade in Australia

Austrade can investigate opportunities on your behalf in:

Austrade may charge you for this, but will let you know if they're going to. Contact Austrade on 13 28 78.

Help with exporting your business

Austrade's TradeStart network can offer local help so you can achieve success in international markets. It can connect you with:

More information about TradeStart is available on Austrade's website.

Edtech in China

Be ready to do business in China

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Setting up in China

For many Australian edtech services firms, a China-based website is essential as part of a market entry strategy. Foreign websites can sometimes be slow or difficult to access. This creates a poor user experience. For more information about websites and licences, refer to the 'Visas, licences and qualifications' section below.

To set-up a company in China to deliver services, you need to register your company. Often this requires you to:

Austrade can refer you to legal and accounting firms who help firms who want to set-up in China.

Chinese government websites have information on the services trade with China, including the Ministry of Commerce, People's Republic of China website.

China’s State Council launched a pilot program for innovation and development (information in simplified Chinese) on June 8 2018. The plan outlines measures that will be applied for companies registered in the Pilot Trade Zones of 13 cities and provincial regions in China. The pilot projects will last two years till 30 June 2020.

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws, regulations and standards

The Ministry of Education regulates education content.

The State Administration for Industry and Commerce oversees registrations and administration of foreign enterprises and sino-foreign joint ventures in China.

The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) regulates the:

The Ministry of Commerce introduced the Administration Measures for Foreign Investment in the Commercial Sector in 2004. This was for investment in online retail business through a foreign investment commercial enterprise.

Content delivered via online education is regulated by:

Australian Education and Training (all sectors)

The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) is the national policy for regulated qualifications in Australian education and training.

It incorporates the qualifications from each education and training sector into a comprehensive national framework. The AQF was introduced in 1995 to underpin the national system of qualifications in Australia, which includes:

The Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000 (ESOS Act) forms the legal framework for the quality assurance of education and training institutions offering courses to international students (students studying in Australia on student visas).

The Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS) providers must submit certain information about overseas students to the Australian Government.

Tertiary Education / Higher Education

The Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) is an Australian government agency. It regulates and assures the quality of Australia’s higher education sector. The Higher Education Standards Framework is TEQSA’s definitive set of requirements.

Vocational Education

The Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA) is the national regulator for Australia's VET sector.

The VET Quality Framework is aimed at achieving greater national consistency in:

Edtech

Australian edtech companies can sell directly to customers in the market or use third party distributors. To enter into the market, many edtech companies have also partnered with:

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data. These are evolving rapidly and it's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Austrade has information about visas for visiting China.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

Due to telecommunications regulations, all China-based websites need an Internet Content Provider (ICP) licence. This is for legal registration and operation in China.

Foreign online education providers who want to deliver web-based services in China also need an ICP license before operation:

You can apply for an ICP licence at the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

Qualifications

You need no qualification for:

Education services in China

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws, regulations and standards

There are legislation, regulations and standards for Australian education providers.

Australian Education and Training (all sectors)

The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) is the national policy for regulated qualifications in Australian education and training.

It incorporates the qualifications from each education and training sector into a comprehensive national framework. The AQF was introduced in 1995 to underpin the national system of qualifications in Australia, which includes:

The Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000 (ESOS Act) forms the legal framework for the quality assurance of education and training institutions offering courses to international students (students studying in Australia on student visas).

The Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS) providers must submit certain information about overseas students to the Australian Government.

Tertiary Education / Higher Education

The Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) is an Australian government agency. It regulates and assures the quality of Australia’s higher education sector. The Higher Education Standards Framework is TEQSA’s definitive set of requirements.

Vocational Education

The Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA) is the national regulator for Australia's VET sector.

The VET Quality Framework is aimed at achieving greater national consistency in:

Edtech

Australian edtech companies can sell directly to customers in the market or use third party distributors. To enter into the market, many edtech companies have also partnered with:

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Austrade has information about visas for visiting China.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Engineering in China

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Rural Development website has information (in simplified Chinese) about design firm qualification regulations.

Registration requirements example

A Design Firm Class A license requires a track record of completed projects. It needs at least five first class and special class projects. For example, a stadium with:

It needs a firm to have a team structure of:

Often they will need experience meeting Chinese standards.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data. These are evolving rapidly. It's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Financial Services in China

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

There are five key regulators responsible for China’s financial services market:

The Ministry of Commerce and the National Development and Reform Committee are also involved.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data. These are evolving rapidly and it's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Austrade has information about visas for visiting China.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Australian financial services qualifications aren't recognized in China, Australian businesses are required to apply for new licences.

If Australian asset management companies aim to establish wholly owned foreign enterprise operations in China, they need to apply for a Private Fund Manager Licence.

More information is available on the China Banking Regulatory Commission website.

Fintech in China

Tax and getting paid

Tax

For fintech services providers, there are:

Incentive schemes are offered by local governments and vary depending on your location.

Tax requirements for Australian services companies operating in China can be complex. Austrade offers a referral service, with details of China-based companies that can give you tailored tax and compliance information.

China’s State Taxation Administration also has detailed tax information.

It’s important you get legal and accounting advice from qualified service providers on your specific situation.

More information

Worldwide tax summaries are available from PwC.

Information about tax in China is available from Austrade.

Getting paid

Information about getting paid for goods and services you export is available from Austrade.

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) are strictly prohibited in China.

Currently there isn't one comprehensive law which regulates the fintech industry. China has administrative measures and guidance for financial products/services, which explicitly applies to fintech providers.

Fintech regulators

China has various regulators:

China hasn’t officially introduced a 'sandbox' in regulating fintech businesses.

Standards

The China Electronics Standardisation Institute (CESI) is responsible for China’s blockchain standards and representation on the ISO TC/307 international blockchain committee.

The CESI also chairs China’s Blockchain Development Forum (information in simplified Chinese). It is the key advisory group to China’s blockchain standard developments.

Storing data

The Cyber Security Law and Chinese Data Protection Standard (National standard GB/T 35273) applies to the fintech industry in China.

The People’s Bank of China issued a notice which required foreign third-party electronic payment firms to store client data and other financial information in China. These rules mirror central bank regulations for foreign bank card companies seeking licences to operate in the domestic market.

The Cyberspace Administration of China (information in simplified Chinese) has guidelines for blockchain start-ups. These include:

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data. These are evolving rapidly and it's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Licences

Companies with an interest in payments solutions need to apply to the People’s Bank of China for a Payment Service Permit. This is in accordance with the NFI Payment Service Measures.

Blockchain services providers may need to register through the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC). The CAC has released a list of blockchain information services that have successfully registered through their filing management system. More information (in simplified Chinese) is available on the CAC website.

The ‘blockchain rule’ requires all blockchain service providers to file their business via an online management system within 10 days of their provisions of service. Failing to file with the CAC may lead to a warning or penalty of up to RMB 30,000.

Visas

Information about visas for visiting China is available from Austrade.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Gaming and screen production in China

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

All activities related to screen production, distribution and broadcasting are subject to laws and regulations including:

More information is available from the National Copyright Administration of The People’s Republic of China and National Radio and Television Administration.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data and these are evolving rapidly. It's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Information about visas for visiting China is available from Austrade.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

Australian digital games can't be sold directly in China. They require a licence from the National Radio and Television Administration before being granted access to the market.

The State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television manages registration requirements for TV and film production.

Australia and China also have a co-production agreement.

More information is available from the State Administration for Market Regulation.

Medical services in China

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China website has regulatory information. It’s recommended you read the site’s implementation guide for medical services providers.

Local health commissions (at district level and above) supervise services, consult them in the specific Chinese region you’re interested in.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data. These are evolving rapidly and it's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Austrade has information about visas for visiting China.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

Opening a hospital or clinic in China requires a license from the local or district health commission. This is the ‘practicing licence of medical institution’.

The process can be complex and it's recommended you contact Austrade China for tailored advice about your service.

Qualifications

Practitioners with international qualifications need to apply for a practice permit from the local health commission in China.

Australian or international nurses are only permitted to practice in China with:

Note that all examinations are in Mandarin only. Details are available on the National Health Commission (NHC) website (information in simplified Chinese).

Before providing any services, internet-based medical service providers need to:

Medtech in China

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Supervision of regulations and standards for medical technology is by:

The CMDE undertakes examination and appraisal of medical device technology (information in Chinese).

The NIFDC undertakes product and technology testing (information in Chinese).

Note: medical service providers can refer to this site's ‘Medical services’ page.

Pilot zones

China often uses pilot zones to test new regulatory environments.

The Hainan Boao Lecheng International Medical Tourism Pilot Zone allows the Hainan Provincial Branch of NMPA to approve some new health care products. Products include:

There is a fast track approval procedure for use in the pilot zone. For example, policies on fast track approval of devices at central government level and Hainan Provincial government level are available online (information in simplified Chinese).

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data. These are evolving rapidly and it's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Austrade has information about visas for visiting China.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

When entering the Chinese market you may need:

Wearable medical device manufacturers/traders, and other medical device providers, should apply for medical device manufacturing/trading permits. If the products are made in China, you will need to apply from the:

Medical devices and software providers should register technologies and products with home country authorities. For Australia, this can mean the Therapeutic Goods Administration or Department of Health.

Software providers may need to apply for medical device manufacturing/trading permits from the NMPA. Software may be seen as a medical device.

More information is available on the NMPA website (information in simplified Chinese).

Note: if you provide medical services, check the 'Medical services' page of the Global Business Support Finder.

Mining Equipment Technology and Services (METS) in China

Laws, regulations and data storage

Licences

There’s no specific licence requirement for mining services (e.g. digital mining or environmental management). However, there are important considerations for service providers in this sector in China:

Regulations and standards

Mining services delivered in China often need to meet certain standards. Examples include:

Other standards may apply depending on the service to be provided. There is more information about many applicable standards on the State Standards Platform.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

China has strict regulations on the storage and transfer of data. These are evolving rapidly and it's important you speak to a legal adviser with specific knowledge of data regulations in China.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Austrade has information about visas for visiting China.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Often for general services (e.g. operational management or consulting), you don't need qualifications.

If the service covers mining engineering or construction, the Australian qualification generally isn't recognized in China. You will need a qualification recognized by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD).

To apply for a qualification from MOHURD, you may need to meet requirements including:

More information is available on the MOHURD website.

Other services in China

Be ready to do business in China

Why your service isn't listed

If your business type is missing, let us know what it is via our feedback survey. We've just launched and are adding more businesses.

General information about doing business with your chosen country is below. To get specific information about providing your service outside Australia, contact Austrade.

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Setting up in China

To set-up a company in China to deliver services, you need to register your company. Often this requires you to:

Austrade can refer you to legal and accounting firms who help firms who want to set-up in China.

Chinese government websites have information on the services trade with China, including the Ministry of Commerce, People's Republic of China website.

China’s State Council launched a pilot program for innovation and development (information in simplified Chinese) on June 8 2018. The plan outlines measures that will be applied for companies registered in the Pilot Trade Zones of 13 cities and provincial regions in China. The pilot projects will last two years till 30 June 2020.

Market entry for Australian startup or scaleup service businesses depends on the sector. If you want to export your service or technology from Australia, first check if it's on a prohibited or restricted list. These are issued by China’s Ministry of Commerce.

Education services in Germany

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Germany without a visa for 90 days. For up-to-date information, consult with the German Missions in Australia.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Aged care in Hong Kong

Be ready to do business in Hong Kong

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

You can find help at: 

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Hong Kong has the second-fastest ageing population in Asia. There are currently about 1.12 million people aged 65 or above in Hong Kong, meaning that one in seven people is an elderly person. The demand for senior-specific residential care services has increased.

Information about health and aged care to Hong Kong is available from Austrade. 

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Australian Council on Healthcare Standards (ACHS) has provided consulting services to hospitals in Hong Kong, and has accredited most of the hospitals in Hong Kong.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Biotech in Hong Kong

Be ready to do business in Hong Kong

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

The Hong Kong government estimates there are about 250-300 biotechnology-related companies in Hong Kong. They comprise mainly healthcare-related companies covering pharmaceuticals, medicinal or healthcare products of traditional Chinese medicine origin, and medical devices and diagnostics. The Hong Kong government has earmarked HKD$10 billion to establish 2 technology research clusters on healthcare technologies and on AI and robotics technologies.

Hong Kong Science and Technology Park is Hong Kong’s largest base for research and development activities.

Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited (HKEX) approved the biggest change in 2018 to its initial public offering policy in two decades, to compete for technology and biotech firms’ listings versus the U.S. and mainland China. 

Cyber security in Hong Kong

Be ready to do business in Hong Kong

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

As a leader in cyber technology and IT security, research and education, Australian companies will find plenty of opportunities to assist Hong Kong to increase its knowledge and levels of cyber security.

More information is available about opportunities for cyber security in Hong Kong.

Austrade produced a webinar about cyber security in Hong Kong

Design in Hong Kong

Be ready to do business in Hong Kong

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Hong Kong is the leading regional international shopping hub for North Asia. With a huge number of consumers from Mainland China, Hong Kong has become a large, high-value and expanding market for Australian consumer products. This includes beauty and health, fashion, clothing and lifestyle products.

It's also a regional design hub for design expertise developing innovative products.

More information is available about the design industry in Hong Kong.

Digital health in Hong Kong

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The healthcare system of Hong Kong encompasses the public and the private sectors. The Department of Health is the Government’s health adviser. It executes healthcare policies and statutory functions. It safeguards the community’s health through promotional, preventive, curative and rehabilitative services.

Hong Kong Government has set aside HK$200 billion for a 10-year Hospital Development. The Hospital Authority (HA) which provides public hospitals and related services, carried out the 10-year plan. This includes the construction of new hospitals and redevelopment of existing hospitals. Technologies in Hong Kong hospitals will be upgraded.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Edtech in Hong Kong

Be ready to do business in Hong Kong

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Edtech plays an important role in the Hong Kong government's Smart Cities agenda. There is a particular focus on schools as part of the 'Smart People' part of the agenda.

Almost all Hong Kong classrooms are wifi connected. The use of edtech in classrooms is increasing. Hong Kong Education City is seeking and deploying edtech solutions for Hong Kong schools.

Education services in Hong Kong

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Hong Kong without a visa for 90 days.

More information is available about visas and immigration.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Financial Services in Hong Kong

Be ready to do business in Hong Kong

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Financial reform and opening up of the China financial services market is attracting a lot of attention from outside Hong Kong. China is aiming to create a financial market that could rival markets from the US and Europe. Hong Kong, as one of the world’s top three global financial centres.

More information is available about 

Fintech in Hong Kong

Be ready to do business in Hong Kong

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Hong Kong is a great place as a landing pad to explore and build up your fintech business. You can seek investment opportunities and attend fintech events to find out about developments in fintech.

Hong Kong’s government encourages banks, financial institutions and insurance companies to use financial technologies in their products and services. The intention is to provide safer, faster and more convenient experiences and interfaces for their customers.

More information is available about fintech to Hong Kong.

Medical services in Hong Kong

Be ready to do business in Hong Kong

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Hong Kong has the second-fastest ageing population in Asia. There are currently about 1.12 million people aged 65 or above in Hong Kong, meaning that one in seven people is an elderly person. The demand for senior-specific residential care services has increased.

More information is available about health and aged care in Hong Kong.

Medtech in Hong Kong

Be ready to do business in Hong Kong

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Hong Kong has the second-fastest ageing population in Asia. There are currently about 1.12 million people aged 65 or above in Hong Kong, meaning that one in seven people is an elderly person. The demand for senior-specific residential care services has increased.

Information about health and aged care to Hong Kong is available from Austrade. 

Laws, regulations and data storage

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Architecture in India

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Architecture in India is regulated by the Council of Architecture.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Passports and entry visas are required for all foreigners entering India. Tourist and business visas may be obtained from the nearest Indian High Commission or consulate in your country.

Any foreign national arriving into India for a period of more than six months is required to register with the Foreigner Regional Registration Office (FRRO) within a period of 14 days of arrival. If the visit is under six months, the registration requirement will be as per the visa condition stamped on the visa issued.

Prior permission is required from the Indian authorities to visit certain parts of the country, particularly in the north-east. Permits are required for certain areas. 

The permit approval process for travel to certain parts of India can take up to two months. Advice on particular requirements should be sought from your travel agent or from the Indian mission in the city closest to you.

For more information on applying for a visa visit VFS.Global.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

Architecture licences in India are regulated by the Council of Architecture.

Education services in India

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Passports and entry visas are required for all foreigners entering India. Tourist and business visas may be obtained from the nearest Indian High Commission or consulate in your country.

Any foreign national arriving into India for a period of more than six months is required to register with the Foreigner Regional Registration Office (FRRO) within a period of 14 days of arrival. If the visit is under six months, the registration requirement will be as per the visa condition stamped on the visa issued.

Prior permission is required from the Indian authorities to visit certain parts of the country, particularly in the north-east. Permits are required for certain areas. 

The permit approval process for travel to certain parts of India can take up to two months. Advice on particular requirements should be sought from your travel agent or from the Indian mission in the city closest to you.

For more information on applying for a visa visit VFS.Global.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Engineering in India

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Engineering Council of India has details about regulations you need in India.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Financial Services in India

Laws, regulations and data storage

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Regulations

Regulatory bodies cover financial services in India may require licences depending on your principal business activity: 

Fintech in India

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Indian government is looking to develop a regulatory sandbox for Fintech in India. Development is still underway.  

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Mining Equipment Technology and Services (METS) in India

Tax and getting paid

Tax

​​​​​​​Worldwide tax summaries are available from PwC.

Information about tax in India is available from Austrade.

Getting paid

Information about getting paid for goods and services you export is available from Austrade.

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Indian Bureau of Mines is a key regulatory body.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Aged care in Indonesia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Starting a company

You can set up a company in Indonesia, either as a wholly owned Australian company or a joint venture with a local company.

Regulations

Based on the Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) regulation, the investment application for Seniors Living business is under the Indonesia Standard Industrial Classification (KBLI) of 87302.

All medical devices for the elderly must be registered with the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, Directorate General of Pharmaceutical Services and Medical Devices, and Directorate of Medical Device Production and Distribution Development. 

Storing data

Indonesia is yet to adopt a comprehensive data protection law. However, changes to Government Regulation No. 82 of 2012 regarding the Provision of Systems and Electronic Transactions have introduced some data protection regulation. Multi-nationals have been paying particular attention to the data localisation measures which came into effect during 2017.  

Indonesia regulates the protection of personal data. The relevant regulation is the Minister of Communication and Informatics Regulation No. 20 of 2016 regarding Protection of Personal Data in Electronic Systems (MOCI Reg 20/2016). 

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Building operations in Indonesia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Starting a company

You need to set up a company in Indonesia, either as a wholly owned Australian company or a joint venture with a local company.

Regulations

Australian companies looking to establish a legal entity in Indonesia should first refer to Presidential Regulation Number 44 of 2016 (more commonly known as Negative Investment List) to learn about businesses that are closed or conditionally open for investment. 

To assist potential foreign investors in setting up their office in Indonesia, the government has assigned BKPM (Investment Coordination Body) as the one-stop service provider for business license processing. 

Donor-funded projects often provide a good entry point into the market. Payment is backed by donor entities and the non-payment risk is significantly lower. Project tenders are also commonly open and transparent. Donor-funded projects also may allow value-for-money bids, allowing for the non-lowest bidder to win projects on the basis of better value provided. Partnering with a local company also improves the likelihood of understanding the market conditions and winning projects.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Indonesia without a visa for 30 days. If you want to go for more than 30 days, information is available about how to apply for an Indonesian visa.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

You will need to get a business licence through Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM).

Depending on your business activities, you might need a:

Many of the companies operating in the infrastructure sector are state-owned. If you're supplying to state-owned enterprises (SOEs) you must comply with regulations and standards, which can take months to obtain. Supplying to SOEs is usually done through a local partner. 

Intellectual property (IP)

Intellectual Property Rights or Hak Kekayaan Intelectual (HKI) is governed under the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights. 

Applications usually take from four to 40 weeks. 

Indonesia's Ministry of Industry and Directorate General of Intellectual Property Rights (Indonesian only) have more information. 

Consult with an IP lawyer in Indonesia. Austrade can refer you to a list of IP lawyers there. Contact Austrade on 13 28 78 or email info@austrade.gov.au

Information about IP protection in Indonesia is also available from IP Australia.

Private sector infrastructure

Involving the private sector in infrastructure projects has proven to be difficult due to the perceived high risk brought about by regulatory uncertainty. To address this, the Indonesian Government is in the initial stage of piloting asset recycling, i.e: selling minority ownership and concession rights of existing infrastructure assets to the private sector.

Cyber security in Indonesia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Starting a company

You need to set up a company in Indonesia, either as a wholly owned Australian company or a joint venture with a local company.

Regulations

Indonesia established the Cyber Body and National Encryption Agency (BSSN) in 2017. 

BSSN will be run by the Communications and Information Ministry, the Indonesia Security Incident Response team on Internet Infrastructure (ID SIRTII) and the Encryption Agency (Lemsaneg). 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Education services in Indonesia

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Indonesia without a visa for 30 days. If you want to go for more than 30 days, information is available about how to apply for an Indonesian visa.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Fintech in Indonesia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Starting a company

You need to set up a company in Indonesia, either as a wholly owned Australian company or a joint venture with a local company.

Licences

Every fintech product, whether from an institution or a start-up company, must be registered through the Indonesian Financial Service Authority (OJK) to have clear legal standards.  

After going through the recording process, fintech companies must go through a regulatory sandbox process. This process lasts for approximately one year and includes business testing, services, and fintech products that have been recorded. 

After completing the regulatory sandbox process, a fintech product receives a label from OJK. The labels are:

Products labelled approved will be registered with OJK. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Medical services in Indonesia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Starting a company

You need to set up a company in Indonesia, either as a wholly owned Australian company or a joint venture with a local company.

Regulations

To establish a foreign investment hospital, the foreign investor and its Indonesian partner must secure a recommendation from the Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board. After securing the recommendation, the parties can apply for a hospital license from the Minister of Health.

The maximum for foreign ownership is 67%. Foreign companies are allowed to invest in any location in Indonesia.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Medtech in Indonesia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Starting a company

You need to set up a company in Indonesia, either as a wholly owned Australian company or a joint venture with a local company.

Regulations

To establish a foreign investment hospital, the foreign investor and its Indonesian partner must secure a recommendation from the Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board.

Then the parties can apply for a hospital licence from the Minister of Health. The maximum limit for foreign ownership has been increased to 67%, and foreign companies are allowed to invest in any location in Indonesia.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Indonesia without a visa for 30 days. If you want to go for more than 30 days, information is available about how to apply for an Indonesian visa.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

You might need these licences to manufacture or distribute your product:

Aged care in Japan

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

The Japan External Trade Organisation has an overview of the laws, regulations and procedures related to setting up a business in Japan.

Information about the Long-Term Care, Health and Welfare Services for the Elderly regulation, administered by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, is available. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Japan without a visa if your visit is less than 90 days.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

Local governments administer business operator licences. They are regulated and monitored by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport for the safety of housing.

The Residences for elderly people with Services info portal has an example of how to apply for senior living services licences. This is provided by the Senior Housing Association. This information is in Japanese only. There are many self-regulating industry associations for each category of aged care related services providers.

Qualifications

The MHLW administers national qualifications. More information is available (in Japanese only).

Agtech in Japan

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

The Japan External Trade Organisation (JETRO) has an overview of the laws, regulations and procedures related to setting up a business in Japan.

No known regulations and standards apply to agtech in Japan, unless it involves the use of land. More information is available on the JETRO website.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Architecture in Japan

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

The Japan External Trade Organisation has an overview of the laws, regulations and procedures related to setting up a business in Japan.

The Building Standards Act, managed by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport, must be followed in Japan. Information on the Act is available (in Japanese only).

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Japan without a visa if your visit is less than 90 days.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

First or second class architect licences are managed by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT).  

Information is available from the Japan Architectural Education and Information Center

Biotech in Japan

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

For setting up a business in Japan, the Japan External Trade Organisation (JETRO) has an overview of the:

If the technology, product or service is intended for pharmaceutical products, formal approvals are required for marketing the drugs in Japan. It is obtained from the Minister of the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, or prefectural governor, by submitting data and documents for required review on product quality, efficacy and safety.

While authorities from both Australia and Japan are in regular consultation, Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) approved pharmaceutical products don't qualify for automatic approval in Japan.  

Japan’s Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency and Australia's TGA share information. This is part of international cooperation on a pharmaceutical good manufacturing practice (GMP) inspection program to rationalize international GMP inspections of active pharmaceutical ingredient manufacturers.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Cyber security in Japan

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

The Japan External Trade Organisation has an overview of laws, regulations and procedures related to setting up a business in Japan.

Information on Japan’s cyber security policy and strategy is available. 

Japan’s Ministry of Trade, Economy and Industry also has a dedicated cyber security branch. It encourages the adoption of common cyber security standards in Japan’s private sector.

Note that Japan often refers to cyber security as 'information security'.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Japan without a visa if your visit is less than 90 days.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Australian qualifications are not recognised in cyber security services in Japan.

Education services in Japan

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws, regulations and standards

The Japan External Trade Organisation has an overview of the laws, regulations and procedures related to setting up a business in Japan.

There is also legislation, regulations and standards for Australian education providers.

Australian Education and Training (all sectors)

The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) is the national policy for regulated qualifications in Australian education and training.

It incorporates the qualifications from each education and training sector into a comprehensive national framework. The AQF was introduced in 1995 to underpin the national system of qualifications in Australia, which includes:

The Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000 (ESOS Act) forms the legal framework for the quality assurance of education and training institutions offering courses to international students (students studying in Australia on student visas).

The Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS) providers must submit certain information about overseas students to the Australian Government.

Tertiary Education / Higher Education

The Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) is an Australian government agency. It regulates and assures the quality of Australia’s higher education sector. The Higher Education Standards Framework is TEQSA’s definitive set of requirements.

Vocational Education

The Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA) is the national regulator for Australia's VET sector.

The VET Quality Framework is aimed at achieving greater national consistency in:

Edtech

Australian edtech companies can sell directly to customers in the market or use third party distributors. To enter into the market, many edtech companies have also partnered with:

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Japan without a visa if your visit is less than 90 days.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Engineering in Japan

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

The Japan External Trade Organisation (JETRO) has an overview of the laws, regulations and procedures related to setting up a business in Japan.

The Japanese Industrial Standards Committee has information on standards in Japan.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Japan without a visa if your visit is less than 90 days.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Australian qualification isn't recognised in engineering services in Japan. 

Fintech in Japan

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

The Japan External Trade Organisation (JETRO) has an overview of the laws, regulations and procedures related to setting up a business in Japan.

Japan’s Financial Services Agency has a fintech support desk

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Legal in Japan

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

The type of legal services foreign-qualified lawyers and overseas law firms operating in Japan can provide is limited by the Ministry of Justice's Act on Special Measures concerning the handling of legal services by foreign lawyers.

The Japan External Trade Organisation has an overview of the laws, regulations and procedures related to setting up a business in Japan.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Other markets to consider

Other markets to consider for this service include:

Media and marketing in Japan

Be ready to do business in Japan

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Medical services in Japan

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Japan without a visa if your visit is less than 90 days.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

While authorities from both Australia and Japan consult regularly on regulatory harmonization, Therapeutic Goods Administration approved medical devices don't qualify for automatic approval in Japan. 

Medtech in Japan

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

The Japan External Trade Organisation has an overview of the laws, regulations and procedures related to setting up a business in Japan.

If your technology and services are intended for medical device products, various regulations apply to:

This can include: 

The Pharmaceutical and Medical Devices Agency provides consultation in product review and safety measures.

The Japan Federation of Medical Devices Association provides useful industry insights and market information. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Advisory and consultancy in Malaysia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations and standards

The Department of Standards Malaysia is Malaysia’s national standards body and national accreditation body.

SIRIM is a government-owned company providing institutional and technical expertise to the government. It's a member of International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation.

Legal services

International partnerships, qualified foreign law firms (QFLFs) and registered foreign lawyers employed by Malaysian law firms are regulated by the Bar Council.

The Bar Council is responsible for overseeing professional standards of the legal profession in Peninsular Malaysia.

All international partnerships, QFLFs and registered foreign lawyers employed by Malaysian law firms must comply with the same rules and regulations governing advocates and solicitors in Peninsular Malaysia.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Malaysia without a visa for 90 days.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

Accounting services

The licence you need depends on the accounting services you will deliver. The Malaysian Institute of Accountants (MIA) regulates the practice of accounting and auditing in Malaysia. The requirements and conditions for the certificate and licences to practice can be found on the MIA’s website.

Auditing

The practice of auditing will require the business to be registered with the Companies Commissions of Malaysia (CCM). 

Insurance

Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM), Malaysia’s Central Bank, regulates entities carrying out insurance business, insurance broking, adjusting and financial advisory. Insurers are licensed by the  Ministry of Finance. These must be approved and registered with BNM.

Legal

The Malaysian Bar Council is the peak body of the legal profession in Peninsular Malaysia. You can apply to the Malaysian Bar Council for registration as a foreign lawyer or law firm. A selection committee considers all applications by foreign lawyers and law firms, and gives recommendations to the Bar Council.

Qualifications

Legal

The Qualifying Board determines qualifications for admission to the Bar.

Architecture in Malaysia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Board of Architects Malaysia enforces the Architects Act 1967. This includes:

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Malaysia without a visa for 90 days.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

The Board of Architects Malaysia is responsible for:

Building operations in Malaysia

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Malaysia without a visa for 90 days.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

All companies involved in building and construction must get a licence from the Construction Industry Development Board. This must happen before undertaking any construction and related activities in Malaysia.

Education services in Malaysia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws, regulations and standards

The Department of Standards Malaysia is Malaysia’s national standards and accreditation body.

SIRIM is a government-owned company providing institutional and technical expertise to the government. It's a member of International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation.

There is also legislation, regulations and standards for Australian education providers.

Australian Education and Training (all sectors)

The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) is the national policy for regulated qualifications in Australian education and training.

It incorporates the qualifications from each education and training sector into a comprehensive national framework. The AQF was introduced in 1995 to underpin the national system of qualifications in Australia, which includes:

The Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000 (ESOS Act) forms the legal framework for the quality assurance of education and training institutions offering courses to international students (students studying in Australia on student visas).

The Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS) providers must submit certain information about overseas students to the Australian Government.

Tertiary Education / Higher Education

The Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) is an Australian government agency. It regulates and assures the quality of Australia’s higher education sector. The Higher Education Standards Framework is TEQSA’s definitive set of requirements.

Vocational Education

The Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA) is the national regulator for Australia's VET sector.

The VET Quality Framework is aimed at achieving greater national consistency in:

Edtech

Australian edtech companies can sell directly to customers in the market or use third party distributors. To enter into the market, many edtech companies have also partnered with:

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Engineering in Malaysia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Board of Engineers Malaysia maintains registrations of engineering graduates and professional engineers. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Financial Services in Malaysia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws

Malaysia has a dual banking system - a conventional banking system operating in tandem with an Islamic banking system.

The Financial Services Act 2013 (FSA) is the key statute governing the conventional finance industry.

The Islamic Financial Services Act 2013 (IFSA) is the FSA's counterpart for the Islamic finance sector.

Regulations

Financial services and retail banking

The Minister of Finance plays an active role in the regulation of banks and Islamic banks. The Minister is the approving authority for applications for banking licences. The Minister also has powers to revoke licences and to direct investigations in prescribed circumstances. More information is available on the Ministry of Finance Malaysia website.

Insurance

Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM), Malaysia’s central bank, regulates entities carrying out:

Insurers are licensed by the Ministry of Finance, and must be approved and registered with BNM.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Fintech in Malaysia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Bank Negara Malaysia seeks to provide a regulatory environment conducive to the deployment of fintech. Regulatory Sandbox was introduced to enable innovation of fintech to be deployed and tested in a live environment. 

Standards

The Department of Standards Malaysia is Malaysia’s national standards body and national accreditation body.

SIRIM is a government-owned company providing institutional and technical expertise to the government. It's a member of International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Legal in Malaysia

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations and standards

International partnerships, qualified foreign law firms (QFLFs) and registered foreign lawyers employed by Malaysian law firms are regulated by the Bar Council.

The Bar Council is responsible for overseeing professional standards of the legal profession in Peninsular Malaysia.

All international partnerships, QFLFs and registered foreign lawyers employed by Malaysian law firms must comply with the same rules and regulations governing advocates and solicitors in Peninsular Malaysia.

The Department of Standards Malaysia is Malaysia’s national standards body and national accreditation body.

SIRIM is a government-owned company providing institutional and technical expertise to the government. It's a member of International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Malaysia without a visa for 90 days.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

The Qualifying Board determines qualifications for admission to the Bar.

Mining Equipment Technology and Services (METS) in Malaysia

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Malaysia without a visa for 90 days.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

Oil and gas

Australian companies will need to engage in a licence agreement with PETRONAS in order to supply to the industry.

An appointed agent company must hold a valid PETRONAS licence/registration and comply with the general requirements for such licensing/registration. 

Alternatively, a foreign company can form a new joint venture (JV) company with a local company/individual. The JV company must also submit for its licence/registration application to PETRONAS, and comply with the regulations accordingly.

Education services in Nepal

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You will need a visa to visit Nepal. A multiple entry visa can be for 15, 30 or 90 days. A visa on arrival is available only for tourists. For up-to-date information, consult with the Embassy of Nepal in Canberra.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Aged care in New Zealand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations and standards

Hospitals, rest-homes and some providers of residential care need to meet the Health and Disability Services Standards

Care facilities must:

The MOH arranges both regular and spot checks.

More information is available on the MOH website.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia). 

Agtech in New Zealand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations and standards

The Ministry for Primary Industries administers legislation covering:

Standards New Zealand is part of the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. It specialises in managing the development of standards. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia). 

Architecture in New Zealand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The New Zealand Registered Architects Board (NZRAB) registers, monitors, and investigates architects.

More information is available on the NZRAB website.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia). 

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit New Zealand without a visa. For up-to-date information, consult the New Zealand Visa Application Centre.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

Architecture is a regulated occupation. It requires registration by the New Zealand Registered Architects Board

Compliance Matters is the New Zealand Government's compliance portal. You can find the licensing and registration requirements for your business using the portal.

Qualifications

Joint Accreditation System of Australia and New Zealand provides internationally recognised accreditation services.

Building operations in New Zealand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Licensed Building Practitioners (LBP) encourages competent building practitioners to build right the first time.

Information about regulations, rules and procedures is available on the LBP website.

All building work in New Zealand must comply with the Building Code. Building Code compliance is administered by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia). 

Education services in New Zealand

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit New Zealand without a visa. For up-to-date information, consult the New Zealand Visa Application Centre.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

Compliance Matters is the New Zealand Government's compliance portal. You can find the licensing and registration requirements for your business using the portal.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Financial Services in New Zealand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

New Zealand's Financial Markets Authority enforces securities, financial reporting and company law as they apply to financial services and securities markets. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia). 

Fintech in New Zealand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws and regulations

New Zealand's Financial Markets Authority enforces securities, financial reporting and company law as they apply to financial services and securities markets. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia). 

Medical services in New Zealand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations and standards

The Ministry of Health administers legislation for the health and disability sector. 

The Medical Council of New Zealand registers doctors in New Zealand. It also has responsibilities for standards, conduct and competence.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia). 

Cyber security in Philippines

Be ready to do business in Philippines

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

You might be able to work with government and industry on:

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 (PDF 143KB) addresses cybersecurity threats.

The National Cyber Security Coordination Office has representatives from government security forces and the private sector to implement cybersecurity policies.

The Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT) publishes the National Cybersecurity Plan 2022.

The Bangko Sentral ng Philinas (BSP) regulates banks on how to deal with security risks.

Storing data

The National Privacy Commission manages 2012 Data Privacy Act that covers data management, transfer and what's needed for breach notification.

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Edtech in Philippines

Be ready to do business in Philippines

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

The opportunities in the Edtech sector are projected to be:

Education services in Philippines

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit the Philippines without a visa for up to 30 days. For up-to-date information, consult with the Embassy of the Philippines in Canberra.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Financial Services in Philippines

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Circular 940 allows banks to use third-party cash agents as part of cash-to-digital and digital-to-cash digital payments schemes. The idea is that these vendors can help banks find clients from financially underserved communities.

Circular 944 offers BSP supervisory jurisdiction for virtual currencies. Under this rule, virtual currencies are considered remittance channels.

The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) partnered with regtech for Regulators Accelerator (R2A). This is an organisation started by USAID, the Gates Foundation, and the Omidyar Network to help regulatory authorities adopt new technologies.

Data storage

The National Privacy Commission manages 2012 Data Privacy Act that covers data management, transfer and what's needed for breach notification. 

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia). 

Fintech in Philippines

Be ready to do business in Philippines

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas releases the Financial Inclusion Survey.

The Philippines remain a cash-driven society. Only 2% of the population uses credit cards. Filipinos conduct 2.5 billion payment transactions each month but only 1% of these transactions are electronic. 99% are paid in cash or by cheque. But the Philippines is changing due to rising incomes, changing consumption patterns and increasing mobile phone use, and the Philippine financial sector needs to transform digitally.

25% percent of Filipinos have bought a product online using their mobile phone. Google and Temasek forecast that the Philippines’ e-commerce market will grow from US$500 million in 2015 to US$9.7 billion by 2025, a 10-year compound annual growth rate of 34%. As more economic activity moves online, every day activities will rely on online payments.

Around 10 million Filipinos live outside the Philippines. They send about US$30 billion annually back to their home country. These remittances account for over 10% of national GDP.

Key opportunities:

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) will set the policy and technology framework for the digital economy. More information is available about regulations and banking laws.

BSP has established a formal strategic partnership with the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) to encourage collaboration on developing and supervising FinTech developments.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Education services in Republic of Korea

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit the Republic of Korea without a visa for up to 90 days.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Advisory and consultancy in Singapore

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Legal Services Regulatory Authority, under the Ministry of Law, oversees the regulation, licensing, and compliance of all law practice entities and the registration of foreign lawyers in Singapore.  

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Aged care in Singapore

Be ready to do business in Singapore

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

More information is available about aged care to Singapore.

Agtech in Singapore

Be ready to do business in Singapore

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Austrade has more information available about agribusiness to Singapore.

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Singapore Food Agency (SFA) regulates and oversees all food safety policies.

The Animal and Veterinary Service (AVS) is the main touch-point for animal health and animal related issues.

NParks is the main touch-point on plant health, The Convention on International Trade and Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and wildlife management services. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Architecture in Singapore

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws

The Board of Architects is the statutory authority established in Singapore to administer the Architects Act, which sets out the general qualifications and requirements for registration. Registration is required by law for foreign persons to practice architecture in Singapore.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Singapore without a visa for 90 days. For up-to-date information, consult with Singapore's Immigration & Checkpoints Authority.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

LicenceOne is Singapore Government's licensing portal. You can find, apply and manage over 100 business licences through the portal.

Qualifications

The Board of Architects Singapore has information about qualifications needed to practice architecture in Singapore. The educational qualification legally required for the initial registration of indigenous and foreign architects is an approved academic qualification in architecture from a recognised university. After obtaining the approved academic qualification, the applicant must also acquire necessary practical experience. 

Enterprise Singapore is a statutory board under the Ministry of Trade and Industry in Singapore. The agency is responsible for the national standards and accreditation across all industries.

Building operations in Singapore

Be ready to do business in Singapore

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

The Building and Construction Authority (Singapore) opened an experiential learning facility and living laboratory. It facilitates test-bedding of building technologies and interactions between technologies, for the built environment sector. It's called the BCA SkyLab.

Austrade has more information available about building and construction in Singapore.

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Construction in Singapore is driven by the government. The Building Construction Authority (BCA) is the regulator for the building and construction sector in Singapore.

To do business with the public sector, you must be registered as a trading partner via the Singapore e-procurement portal, GeBIZ. All the public sector's invitations for quotations and tenders are posted on GeBIZ. Suppliers can:

Companies can bid direct, with a local partner or through a local agent/distributor.

Under the Professional Engineers Act, any firm that intends to supply professional engineering services in Singapore must be licensed by the Professional Engineers Board. The license is granted only to limited companies, unlimited companies, multi-disciplinary partnerships, and limited liability partnerships.

Industry standards

BCA has introduced the Eurocodes as Singapore's building codes to replace the British standards as Singapore's prescribed building codes for structural design.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Cyber security in Singapore

Be ready to do business in Singapore

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Cybersecurity is a focus of the Singapore government. Austrade has more information available about ICT to Singapore.

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Cybersecurity Act:

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Design in Singapore

Laws, regulations and data storage

Industry standards

BCA has introduced the Eurocodes as Singapore's building codes to replace the British standards as Singapore's prescribed building codes for structural design.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Digital health in Singapore

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Health Sciences Authority regulates digital health and high risk medical devices.

Enterprise Singapore is a statutory board under the Ministry of Trade and Industry in Singapore. The agency is responsible for the national standards and accreditation across all industries.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Education services in Singapore

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws, regulations and standards

Enterprise Singapore is a statutory board under the Ministry of Trade and Industry in Singapore. The agency is responsible for the national standards and accreditation across all industries.

There is also legislation, regulations and standards for Australian education providers.

Australian Education and Training (all sectors)

The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) is the national policy for regulated qualifications in Australian education and training.

It incorporates the qualifications from each education and training sector into a comprehensive national framework. The AQF was introduced in 1995 to underpin the national system of qualifications in Australia, which includes:

The Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000 (ESOS Act) forms the legal framework for the quality assurance of education and training institutions offering courses to international students (students studying in Australia on student visas).

The Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS) providers must submit certain information about overseas students to the Australian Government.

Tertiary Education / Higher Education

The Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) is an Australian government agency. It regulates and assures the quality of Australia’s higher education sector. The Higher Education Standards Framework is TEQSA’s definitive set of requirements.

Vocational Education

The Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA) is the national regulator for Australia's VET sector.

The VET Quality Framework is aimed at achieving greater national consistency in:

Edtech

Australian edtech companies can sell directly to customers in the market or use third party distributors. To enter into the market, many edtech companies have also partnered with:

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Singapore without a visa for 90 days. For up-to-date information, consult with Singapore's Immigration & Checkpoints Authority.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

LicenceOne is Singapore Government's licensing portal. You can find, apply and manage over 100 business licences through the portal.

Qualifications

All general and non-professional degrees (Art, Commerce, Computing Science, etc) are recognised as long as the qualifications are approved by the Australian Government. More information is available about Professional accreditations in Singapore

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Engineering in Singapore

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

To supply engineering services in Singapore, you must be licensed by the Professional Engineers Board.

Construction in Singapore is driven by the government. The Building Construction Authority (BCA) is the regulator for the building and construction sector in Singapore.

To do business with the public sector, you must be registered as a trading partner via the Singapore e-procurement portal, GeBIZ. All the public sector's invitations for quotations and tenders are posted on GeBIZ. Suppliers can:

Companies can bid direct, with a local partner or through a local agent/distributor.

Under the Professional Engineers Act, any firm that intends to supply professional engineering services in Singapore must be licensed by the Professional Engineers Board. The license is granted only to limited companies, unlimited companies, multi-disciplinary partnerships, and limited liability partnerships.

Industry standards

BCA has introduced the Eurocodes as Singapore's building codes to replace the British standards as Singapore's prescribed building codes for structural design.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Singapore without a visa for 90 days. For up-to-date information, consult with Singapore's Immigration & Checkpoints Authority.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

LicenceOne is Singapore Government's licencing portal. You can find, apply and manage over 100 business licences through the portal.

Under the Professional Engineers Act, any firm that intends to supply professional engineering services in Singapore must be licensed by the Professional Engineers Board. The licence is granted only to:

Qualifications

Enterprise Singapore is a statutory board under the Ministry of Trade and Industry in Singapore. The agency is responsible for the national standards and accreditation across all industries.

Financial Services in Singapore

Tax and getting paid

Tax

Financial institutions with business plans to establish or expand their operations in Singapore can apply for Monetary Authority of Singapore tax incentives or grant schemes under the Financial Sector Development Fund. To be successful, you must satisfy requirements about the scale and quality of activities to be conducted in Singapore.

Worldwide tax summaries are available from PwC.

Information about tax in Singapore is available from Austrade.

Getting paid

Information about getting paid for goods and services you export is available from Austrade.

Be ready to do business in Singapore

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Singapore is one of the most established capital markets in the Asia-Pacific. The Singapore Exchange (SGX) is the preferred listing location of nearly 800 companies.

The market has a triple-A rated economy with strong growth potential. It has a sound and stable location for business expansion and investments. The banking sector is critical to Singapore’s role in financing local and regional growth. 

More information is available about financial services to Singapore.

Who can help you

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Financial help

You can apply for grants, loans and reimbursements.

Reimbursement for sales and marketing trips outside Australia

The Export Market Development Grants (EMDG) offers partial reimbursement for any sales or marketing trips outside Australia. Eligible businesses can apply for reimbursement for money you spent on promotional activities outside Australia. More information is available about eligibility and how to apply for reimbursement.

Financial institutions with substantive business plans to establish or expand their operations in Singapore may apply for MAS tax incentives or grant schemes under the Financial Sector Development Fund (FSDF). Successful applicants must satisfy rigorous requirements with respect to the scale and quality of activities to be conducted in Singapore.

Finance for Australian exporters

The Export Finance and Insurance Corporation (Efic) is Australia’s export credit agency. Australian exporters can find help with export loans, guarantees, bonds and insurance products.

Enterprise Singapore also has information on tax incentives, grants and financial assistance available to start-ups and businesses. More information can be found on their website.

Startups and scaleups

The Landing Pads program offers market-ready startups and scaleups the opportunity to work out of innovation hubs in San Francisco, Tel Aviv, Shanghai, Berlin and Singapore.

To be eligible, you’ll need to be a startup or scaleup with the potential for rapid growth. More information about the Landing Pads program is available.

Startup Decisions has details on sector-specific incentives for startups.

StartupSG has information programs and networks for startups.

The Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore has information about tax exemptions for startup companies in Singapore.

Austrade in Australia

Austrade can investigate opportunities on your behalf in:

Austrade may charge you for this, but will let you know if they're going to. Contact Austrade on 13 28 78.

Help with exporting your business

Austrade's TradeStart network can offer local help so you can achieve success in international markets. It can connect you with:

More information about TradeStart is available on Austrade's website.

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Singapore's central bank, the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) helps shape the financial industry by promoting a strong corporate governance framework and close adherence to international accounting standards.

Financial services offered includes:

Accountancy

To practice accountancy in Singapore, you must be a member of the Institute of Singapore Chartered Accountants (ICSA). You must also be registered with Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority.

To be an auditor of financial statements in Singapore, you must register as a public accountant.

You don't need to be registered as a public accountant to provide services such as accounting, tax and corporate advisory work.

More information is available from Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Fintech in Singapore

Be ready to do business in Singapore

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

The Singapore Fintech Association supports the fintech industry in Singapore.

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws

There is no fintech-specific legislation in Singapore. Fintech companies must comply with the existing regulations that oversee the financial services industry. 

Find out more:

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Medical services in Singapore

Be ready to do business in Singapore

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Healthcare spending is to grow to US$42.09 billion by 2022.

Singapore will experience ‘hyper-aging’ in the next 20 years where over a quarter of population will be over 65 years by 2030.

The elderly (those over 65 years), currently represent 10.7% of total population, higher than all the ASEAN countries. 

Demand for services such as geriatric medicine, rehab care and home services is expected to increase.

More information is available about medical to Singapore.

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws

The Health Products Act (HPA) was introduced in 2007, with the aim to consolidate and streamline the regulatory controls of health products under one single Act. The consolidation is done in phases to cover a range of health products.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Medtech in Singapore

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

There are about 30 medtech devices manufacturers (mid to large) based in Singapore, with manufacturing activities geared towards global and regional exports markets. All must comply with ISO 13485 quality management standards in design and manufacture of medical devices.

Singapore is a small market and adopts international regulatory medical standards from established countries. Singapore authorities refer to Therapeutic Goods Association (TGA) for guidelines and standards.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Arts and culture in Taiwan

Be ready to do business in Taiwan

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Creative industries in Taiwan are thriving. This is due to increased government support and a growing interest in culture and the arts. Austrade has more information available about creative industries in Taiwan.

It's important to work closely with local partners to successfully enter the Taiwan market.

Australian performing arts companies are well-regarded at major arts festivals in Taiwan. Most festivals are government-funded, and organised by commercial event companies through a tender process.

For visual arts, Australian galleries may consider participating in art fairs and international exhibitions in Taiwan. This can help build connections with collectors and galleries.

Australian publishers are recommended to work with local Taiwanese agents and take part in the annual Taipei International Book Exhibition.

Biotech in Taiwan

Laws, Regulations and Data Storage

Regulations

Biotech is a highly regulated sector. Taiwan FDA’s approval is required for the importation of all drugs and devices. Companies not from Taiwan should have a branch or subsidiary company, or assign a distributor (or an agent) to file for TFDA approval for the relevant import permit and/or drug/device licence.

The Free Sales Certificate issued by the TGA and the manufacturer’s master plan with cGMP certification should be submitted for review by the TFDA.

For IP licencing negotiation and related deals, TFDA is not involved. 

For clinical trials conducted in Taiwan, the TFDA assigns Centre for Drug Evaluation (CDE) to review the protocols, but the overall supervision of clinical trials in Taiwan are still under TFDA’s portfolio.

Taiwan has government funding to invest in the biomedical sector. There are standards and qualification processes for projects to qualify for investment under the National Development Fund:

More information is available about biomedical in Taiwan.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Education services in Taiwan

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Taiwan without a visa for up to 90 days. For up-to-date information, consult with the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Australia.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Financial Services in Taiwan

Laws, regulations and Data Storage

Regulations

The Financial Supervisory Commission is the regulator of financial services in Taiwan. It supervises the banking, insurance and securities industries with separate bureaus for each sector. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Medical services in Taiwan

Laws, Regulations and Data Storage

Regulations

The medical devices sector is highly regulated.

The Taiwan Food and Drug Administration (TFDA) must approve the importation of all drugs and devices. Overseas companies should have a branch or subsidiary company, or assign a distributor (or agent) to file for approval for relevant import permit and/or drug/device licences.

The Free Sales Certificate issued by Australia's Department of Health, and the manufacturer’s master plan with cGMP certification, should be submitted for review by the TFDA.

For intellectual property licencing negotiation and related deals, the TFDA isn't involved. 

For clinical trials conducted in Taiwan, the TFDA assigns the Centre for Drug Evaluation to review the protocols. However, the supervision of clinical trials in Taiwan are still under TFDA’s portfolio.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Agtech in Thailand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Due to language barriers in the agricultural sector, you generally need to engage with large Thai corporate agribusiness firms.

The Thai Ministry of Agriculture is responsible for:

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Architecture in Thailand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Architecture is restricted to Thai qualified professionals under Thailand’s Foreign Business Act. However, consultancy is allowed. Most service providers who aren't Thai are engaged as 'design consultants' and support conceptual design. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Arts and culture in Thailand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The only restrictions that cover arts and culture in Thailand are around religious art and culture.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Biotech in Thailand

Tax and getting paid

Tax

Thailand’s Board of Investment (BOI) recognises the importance and value of the biotech economy, and offers tax and non-tax incentives for projects that meet national development objectives.

Tax incentives for biotech companies investing in Thailand include an eight-year exemption from corporate income tax and exemptions from import duties on machinery and raw materials used for manufacturing of export products.

Worldwide tax summaries are available from PwC.

Information about tax in Thailand is available from Austrade.

Getting paid

Information about getting paid for goods and services you export is available from Austrade.

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) bridges the requirements of academic research and innovation in the industry. This is managed through 4 national research centres: BIOTEC, MTEC, NANOTEC, and NECTEC, and one technology management centre (TMC).

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Intellectual property (IP)

Technology Management Centre provides support in biotechnology through its Technology Licensing Office, which is responsible for the licensing of IP.

The Department of Intellectual Property is the government agency in Thailand responsible for IP.

Consult with an IP lawyer in Thailand. Austrade can refer you to a list of IP lawyers there. Contact Austrade on 13 28 78 or email info@austrade.gov.au

Information about approaching a global market is available from IP Australia.

Building operations in Thailand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Design in Thailand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Most non-Thai services providers are engaged to support conceptual design.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Education services in Thailand

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Thailand has a Smart Visa program to attract highly skilled investors, executives and startup entrepreneurs in targeted industries. More information on these industries, and qualifications, is available from the Board of Investment (BOI). The BOI also have an office in Sydney.  

You can visit Thailand for tourism without a visa for 30 days if you arrive through one of the international airports. A visa is required for longer stays or if you are travelling for a purpose other than tourism. For up-to-date information, consult with the Royal Thai Embassy in Australia.

You'll need a work permit as well as a visa.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

You can't directly engage in many professional services industries in Thailand. There are barriers to people from outside Thailand establishing wholly owned businesses. There are opportunities for Australians to provide consultancy services in Thailand.

Thailand’s Foreign Business Act describes activities that only Thai nationals can do. It's available through the Thai Board of Investment website.

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Engineering in Thailand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

As a non-Thai, you can be a consultant. Only Thai qualified and registered engineers can sign off on designs. 

The Council of Engineers is the regulatory body for engineers in Thailand.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Financial Services in Thailand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Securities and Exchange Commission is an independent public agency to supervise and develop the Thai capital market. This is to ensure efficiency, fairness, transparency and integrity.

Accountancy

As a non-Thai, you can be a consultant. Accountants registered outside Thailand aren't allowed to sign off on accounts. 

Banking

You'll need a licence from the Bank of Thailand to operate as a:

More information is available from the Bank of Thailand and Ministry of Finance.

Startups

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulates most alternative finance activities at a national level.

Companies incorporated under Thai law can raise equity through crowdfunding companies approved by the SEC.

A company engaged in equity crowdfunding must have a minimum share capital of THB5 million. Companies can raise a maximum of THB20 million through equity crowdfunding within a 12-month period.

Retail investors can only invest THB50,000 per startup. They can invest no more than THB500,000 per year. Qualified investors can invest unlimited amounts in startups.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Fintech in Thailand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Fintech entities aren't currently regulated. Marketplace lending platforms (B2B, B2C, C2C, and peer-to-peer) aren't specifically regulated. Fintech entities don't need to partner with traditional financial services providers (such as banks) to operate e-payment systems. There's currently no regulatory oversight of cryptocurrencies and ICOs in the financial services sector, except the taxation of digital assets.

The Bank of Thailand identifies significant private sector e-payment systems that should be regulated. The Bank of Thailand then makes a recommendation to the Ministry of Finance. The Ministry of Finance will regulate the systems accordingly.

Payments-related activities are regulated in Thailand at a national level. The main regulation for fintech payments is the Thailand Payments Systems Act 2017.

The Bank of Thailand established a regulatory sandbox in early 2017. This is open to any new innovation. The innovations stay in the sandbox for 6 to 12 months. If the technology is deemed successful, businesses can apply for operating licences. More information is available at the Bangkok Bank InnoHub.

Startups

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulates most alternative finance activities at a national level.

Companies incorporated under Thai law can raise equity through crowdfunding companies approved by the SEC.

A company engaged in equity crowdfunding must have a minimum share capital of THB5 million. Companies can raise a maximum of THB20 million through equity crowdfunding within a 12-month period.

Retail investors can only invest THB50,000 per startup. They can invest no more than THB500,000 per year. Qualified investors can invest unlimited amounts in startups.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Gaming and screen production in Thailand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Gaming and screen production

Animation and gaming are among the most thriving sectors in the Thai digital content arena. Animation and other computer graphic services, including post-production, are vital parts of the nation's film and advertising industries.

Animation

There are co-production opportunities between Thai and Australian companies, particularly in animation. Co-production allows the Australian Screen Producers Offset Rebate (40% film, 20% TV) if the project is structured correctly in terms of team and copyright.

Gaming

Many laws that apply to gambling also apply to gaming. This might cause problems for publishers who use in-game purchases as a means of monetisation. This especially applies to ‘loot boxes’ which enable customers to purchase unknown items. Some government authorities regard these as a form of gambling, so the game might not comply with consumer protection requirements. Games sold on a one-time payment are less susceptible.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Media and marketing in Thailand

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC) regulates:

The Ministry of Information and Communications Technology (including the National Information Technology Committee and the National Electronics and Computer Technology Centre) also plays a role.

Laws that govern this sector are:

The NBTC administers the Broadcasting Business Act. This covers the distribution of television. 

Digital marketing services are less controlled and there are several examples of non-Thai (internet) marketing organisations operating in Thailand.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Medical services in Thailand

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You can visit Thailand for tourism without a visa for 30 days if you arrive through one of the international airports. A visa is required for longer stays or if you are travelling for a purpose other than tourism. For up-to-date information, consult with the Royal Thai Embassy in Australia.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

If you're a medical practitioner, you'll need to get a temporary or permanent medical licence from the Medical Council of Thailand (TMC). To do this you'll need to:

For clinical postgraduate medical training, you'll need a Thai medical licence.

More information is available from the Medical Council of Thailand.

Qualifications

There is only one formal international postgraduate medical training program in Thailand. More information is available form the Medical Council of Thailand.

Mining Equipment Technology and Services (METS) in Thailand

Other markets to consider

While there are no barriers to entering the METS sector in Thailand, the sector is small.

Austrade's website has information about other priority markets with opportunities for Australian METS firms. 
 

Education services in United Kingdom

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Be aware that the UK is currently negotiating the terms of its exit from the European Union (EU). Regulations may change significantly in the short term. 

The UK Department for Exiting the EU has more information. 

Information about the UK decision to leave the EU is also available from Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

There is also legislation, regulations and standards for Australian education providers.

Australian Education and Training (all sectors)

The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) is the national policy for regulated qualifications in Australian education and training.

It incorporates the qualifications from each education and training sector into a comprehensive national framework. The AQF was introduced in 1995 to underpin the national system of qualifications in Australia, which includes:

The Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000 (ESOS Act) forms the legal framework for the quality assurance of education and training institutions offering courses to international students (students studying in Australia on student visas).

The Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS) providers must submit certain information about overseas students to the Australian Government.

Tertiary Education / Higher Education

The Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) is an Australian government agency. It regulates and assures the quality of Australia’s higher education sector. The Higher Education Standards Framework is TEQSA’s definitive set of requirements.

Vocational Education

The Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA) is the national regulator for Australia's VET sector.

The VET Quality Framework is aimed at achieving greater national consistency in:

Edtech

Australian edtech companies can sell directly to customers in the market or use third party distributors. To enter into the market, many edtech companies have also partnered with:

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Agtech in United States of America

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The US Department of Agriculture regulates agricultural markets. Some regulations are to promote safety and reduce disease, while others restrict commodity supplies and raise consumer prices. The US Department of Agriculture has more information.

These industry standards are based in the United States but are often internationally applicable:

Data storage

The United States doesn’t have a law for data regulation that applies across the country. There are sector-specific data laws and regulations that work with state-level legislation to keep citizens’ data safe. You'll need to check the laws for data storage for your sector in the relevant state.

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Architecture in United States of America

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The architectural licensing boards of 55 states and territories make up the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB). Each state or territory regulates architecture within its borders, and NCARB develops and administers national programs for licensing candidates and architects.

There are industry standards are based in the United States but are often internationally applicable.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) covers all industries.

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) covers all industries.

SAE International covers the automotive and aerospace industries.

Data storage

The United States doesn’t have a law for data regulation that applies across the country. There are sector-specific data laws and regulations that work with state-level legislation to keep citizens’ data safe. You'll need to check the laws for data storage for your sector in the relevant state.

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Unless you’re eligible for the Visa Waiver Program, you’ll need a visitor visa to visit the US for business.

You’ll need to apply for business (visa category B-1), tourism, pleasure or visiting (visa category B-2), or for a combination for both purposes (B-1/B-2).

Find out more about the US visitor visa application

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

The National Council of Architectural Registration Boards has information on licence requirements and applications for professionals to provide architecture services in the US.  

The US Small Business Administration can tell you:

You may need licences and permits from both federal and state agencies.

Edtech in United States of America

Be ready to do business in United States of America

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Opportunities

Due to the size and scale of the US market, there are opportunities for Australian edtech firms. Some Australian firms have had success, often in the K–12 sector. However, the 15,000 school districts have autonomy to make their own purchase decisions.

Austrade has more information about edtech in the US, including:

Education services in United States of America

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

These industry standards are based in the US but are often internationally applicable:

There is also legislation, regulations and standards for Australian education providers.

Australian Education and Training (all sectors)

The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) is the national policy for regulated qualifications in Australian education and training.

It incorporates the qualifications from each education and training sector into a comprehensive national framework. The AQF was introduced in 1995 to underpin the national system of qualifications in Australia, which includes:

The Education Services for Overseas Students Act 2000 (ESOS Act) forms the legal framework for the quality assurance of education and training institutions offering courses to international students (students studying in Australia on student visas).

The Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS) providers must submit certain information about overseas students to the Australian Government.

Tertiary Education / Higher Education

The Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) is an Australian government agency. It regulates and assures the quality of Australia’s higher education sector. The Higher Education Standards Framework is TEQSA’s definitive set of requirements.

Vocational Education

The Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA) is the national regulator for Australia's VET sector.

The VET Quality Framework is aimed at achieving greater national consistency in:

Edtech

Australian edtech companies can sell directly to customers in the market or use third party distributors. To enter into the market, many edtech companies have also partnered with:

Data storage

The United States doesn’t have a law for data regulation that applies across the country. There are sector-specific data laws and regulations that work with state-level legislation to keep citizens’ data safe. You'll need to check the laws for data storage for your sector in the relevant state.

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Engineering in United States of America

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

Each state has a licensing board that regulates engineering practice.

Requirements for engineers fall under the power of licensing boards for the state, district, or country you want to practice in. Your credentials will be evaluated and based on the state you want to be licensed in. The National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying develops, administers and scores the examinations for engineering and surveying licensure in the US. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Financial Services in United States of America

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Federal Reserve sets monetary policy and regulates banks for the United States.  

The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency supervises all national banks and federal savings associations. 

The National Credit Union Administration regulates credit unions. 

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insures money deposited with banks. 

The Securities and Exchange Commission oversees publicly held companies and securities markets. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Fintech in United States of America

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws

You might be prevented from selling fintech in the United States (US) by federal, state or local laws. The regulations vary depending on geography (state, county and city). Mostly, the states follow federal frameworks, but there may be additional state-based guidelines. You must comply with federal, state, local and industry regulations to avoid delays, extra costs or the prohibition of goods and services.

Regulations and standards

The US has federal regulatory bodies in financial services and markets that establish and monitor standards on a national scale. However, new and foreign companies should also be aware of state-based regulation that can impact companies operating within certain states (many companies register their business in multiple states to work with customers across the country).

It's common for companies to register their business in multiple states to work with customers across the country.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Challenges and cultural considerations

Given the size and complexity of the US market, it can't be described as ‘one’ market. Every state and region has its own purchasing habits and regulations.

A local lawyer may be able to help you navigate this.

Learn more:

Other markets to consider

Our research indicates that your industry is gaining momentum in these countries:

Legal in United States of America

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

Unless you’re eligible for the Visa Waiver Program, you’ll need a visitor visa to visit the US for business.

You’ll need to apply for business (visa category B-1), tourism, pleasure or visiting (visa category B-2), or for a combination for both purposes (B-1/B-2).

Find out more about the US visitor visa application

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences and qualifications

In the United States, you must take a bar exam in order to practice law. Bar admission is regulated by each of the states, and each state has complete discretion in the process.  Every lawyer must sit for the bar exam in the state in which they wish to practice.

More information is available about the American Bar Association.

Medical services in United States of America

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The US doesn’t have a law for data regulation that applies across the country. There are sector-specific data laws and regulations that work with state-level legislation to keep citizens’ data safe. You'll need to check the laws for data storage for your sector in the relevant state.

Data storage

You'll need to understand your obligations under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Medtech in United States of America

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

There are strict regulations for medtech in the United States, particularly around safety and intellectual property. You'll need to research the market to understand the protocol. 

The United States has clusters of life science ecosystems. These are based around where there is more funding for medtech innovation and research institutions. Key states for medtech include:

Industry associations and medtech conferences are key to growing a network in the US.  

These industry standards are based in the US but often apply internationally:

Storing data

The United States doesn’t have one law for data regulation that applies across the country. There are sector-specific data laws and regulations that work with state-level legislation to keep citizens’ data safe. For example, you'll need to understand your obligations under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

he European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Licences

Medical technology is regulated by the states. Each state has different requirements regarding licensing and certification. States may require certification in lieu of or in addition to a licence.  

Visas

Unless you’re eligible for the Visa Waiver Program, you’ll need a visitor visa to visit the US for business.

You’ll need to apply for business (visa category B-1), tourism, pleasure or visiting (visa category B-2), or for a combination for both purposes (B-1/B-2).

More information is available about the US visitor visa application

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Mining Equipment Technology and Services (METS) in United States of America

Intellectual property (IP)

You should register your trademark or patent with the US Patent and Trademark Office or via a low-cost service provider even if you won’t have the financial capacity to prosecute trademark or patent infringements.

Consult with an IP lawyer in the US. Austrade can refer you to a list of IP lawyers in the US. Contact Austrade on 13 28 78 or email info@austrade.gov.au

Information about IP protection in the USA is available from IP Australia.

Information about USA Law - Obtaining a patent (PDF 64KB) is available from Austrade.

Building operations in Vietnam

Be ready to do business in Vietnam

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Get ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Digital health in Vietnam

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Ministry of Health (MOH) oversees all medical and pharmaceutical areas.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Education services in Vietnam

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You will need a visa, a visa exemption certificate or an approval letter for a visa-on-arrival to visit Vietnam. You can apply for an e-visa through Vietnam's National Web Portal on Immigration. You can also apply for a tourist visa through the Vietnamese Embassy's website.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

In Vietnam you need to get a licence if you're providing any of the following professional services: 

To get a licence, each professional needs to meet certain requirements that are developed by the ministry that oversees each specific professional sector.  

Qualifications

Each country has its own Ministry of Education or Department of Education. We recommend you refer to their websites before considering education services in a particular country.

Depending on the delivery (eg online), or type of services you’re delivering in a particular country, you may need:

Financial Services in Vietnam

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The State Bank of Vietnam (SBV) is the main financial regulatory agency. The SBV board set up the State Securities Commisision (SSC), an organisation under the Ministry of Finance, responsible for:

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You will need a visa, a visa exemption certificate or an approval letter for a visa-on-arrival to visit Vietnam. You can apply for an e-visa through Vietnam's National Web Portal on Immigration. You can also apply for a tourist visa through the Vietnamese Embassy's website.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

The Ministry of Finance has offices that issue licences, and state the specific requirements for accountants and auditors to do business in Vietnam.

In Vietnam you need to get a licence if you're providing any of the following professional services: 

To get a licence, each professional needs to meet certain requirements that are developed by the ministry that oversees each specific professional sector.  

Fintech in Vietnam

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

In March 2017, the State Bank of Vietnam set up the National Fintech steering committee. It is responsible for developing national strategies, directions and regulatory frameworks to foster the fintech and start-up ecosystem in Vietnam. The Vietnam Fintech club was also recently set up with the support from the Vietnam Banks Association.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Medical services in Vietnam

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Ministry of Health (MOH) oversees all medical and pharmaceutical areas. Medical devices are subject to regulation and licensing requirements set by the MOH. It determines the guidelines for medical device purchases for all health systems. 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You will need a visa, a visa exemption certificate or an approval letter for a visa-on-arrival to visit Vietnam. You can apply for an e-visa through Vietnam's National Web Portal on Immigration. You can also apply for a tourist visa through the Vietnamese Embassy's website.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

The Ministry of Health (MOH) oversees all medical and pharmaceutical areas. Medical devices are subject to regulation and licensing requirements set by the MOH.

In Vietnam you need to get a licence if you're providing any of the following professional services: 

To get a licence, each professional needs to meet certain requirements that are developed by the ministry that oversees each specific professional sector.  

Qualifications 

The Bureau of Accreditation delivers accredited programs including:  

Medtech in Vietnam

Laws, regulations and data storage

Regulations

The Ministry of Health (MOH) oversees all medical and pharmaceutical areas.

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).

Visas, licences and qualifications

Visas

You will need a visa, a visa exemption certificate or an approval letter for a visa-on-arrival to visit Vietnam. You can apply for an e-visa through Vietnam's National Web Portal on Immigration. You can also apply for a tourist visa through the Vietnamese Embassy's website.

Australian travellers should consult Smartraveller, the Australian Government’s free online travel advisory service. It's encouraged you register your trip with Smartraveller before travel.

Licences

In Vietnam you need to get a licence if you're providing any of the following professional services: 

To get a licence, each professional needs to meet certain requirements that are developed by the ministry that oversees each specific professional sector.  

Qualifications 

The Bureau of Accreditation delivers accredited programs including:  

Mining Equipment Technology and Services (METS) in Vietnam

Be ready to do business in Vietnam

Be established as a business in Australia

Some companies are ‘born global’, earning international revenue from the start. If your business isn’t born global, it’s best if it’s established in Australia before you do business overseas.

Information to help your business succeed in Australia is available from business.gov.au.

A local network for help and advice is available through Business Enterprise Centres in states and territories.

Be ready to do business outside Australia

Getting ready to do business outside Australia can involve, for example:

For example, the Austrade Export Council of Australia runs courses on how to export.

For METS suppliers, local presence in Vietnam and services to customers is essential. Companies should consider setting up local representation and a sales resource in-market.

For mining contractors or construction contractors, you will need to establish a local operation when delivering services into the Vietnam market.

Help in your state or territory

A list of organisations in your state or territory who can help or offer funding is available on Austrade’s website.

Choose a business structure

It’s important you evaluate possible business structures. The business entity and structure you choose may affect your:

Possible business structures to consider include:

Determine an entry strategy

It’s important to determine a clear mode of entry strategy. An entry strategy sets out how you will deliver your service to your target market.

Exporting strategies to consider include:

Laws, regulations and data storage

Laws

Vietnam’s 2011 to 2020 Minerals Strategy, including its 2030 vision, is set out in Decision 2427/QD-TTg, as approved by the government. The key directions are: 

Storing data

It's crucial to check the regulation of data storage in each country that you operate.  

The European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into force in 2018 and is influencing data regulation around the world.

The Australian Privacy Principles cover the storage of Australian data (both in and outside Australia).